AVI Video File Format: Definition, Uses, History.

AVI Video File Format

AVI (for Audio Video Interleave) is a multimedia container format introduced by Microsoft in 1992 as part of its Video for Windows technology. This format synchronizes audio and video playback and is widely known for its simplicity and compatibility with various operating systems and software.

The audio and video in AVI files are stored in a single file, allowing for simultaneous playback.

The AVI file format is commonly used for storing movies and TV shows played on computers. It is also used to edit and store digital footage because it encapsulates high-quality videos.

Advantages of AVI

  • Compatibility: The AVI file format is compatible with various operating systems and playback software.
  • Quality: AVI supports high-quality video, making it suitable for personal and professional use.
  • Ease of Use: AVI videos are simple to create and edit, making them accessible for beginners.

Disadvantages of AVI

  • File Size: Due to the high quality of videos stored in AVI, the file sizes tend to be larger than those of modern formats like MP4, which can be a drawback for storage and streaming.
  • Compression: While it supports various codecs, not all are equally efficient, leading to potential compatibility issues.
  • Modern Features: The AVI file format lacks support for newer features like interactive menus and subtitles.
Name AVI (Audio Video Interleave)
File Extension .avi
Container Format AVI
Video Coding Format M-JPEG, DivX
Audio Coding Format MP3, WAV
Year Created 1992
Quality High
Size 200MB/min
Common Uses Video playback on computers. Video editing.

What are AVI Video Files?

AVI Video Files are multimedia container files that store audio and video data in a single file for synchronized playback. Microsoft introduced them in 1992 as part of the Video for Windows technology.

Main Uses of AVI Video Files

AVI video files are mainly used for multimedia playback, professional video editing, and digital archiving. AVI is the best option for these uses due to its unique qualities, such as high-quality videos, compatibility with various codecs, and simultaneous playback.

Codecs of AVI Video Files

AVI video files commonly use DivX and M-JPEG codecs for video compression. For audio, AVI video files use MP3 and WAV audio compression.

AVI File Containers

AVI is a file container holding video and audio data that can be compressed using different codecs. AVI’s flexibility as a file container allows it to store video and audio data encoded with a combination of different codecs.

What is the Container used with AVI Files?

The container used in AVI video files is the AVI container format itself.

The AVI container allows synchronous audio-with-video playback. It can encapsulate data encoded in various compression formats (codecs), which means it can store different types of audio and video codecs within the AVI container. This container format is known for its flexibility in supporting various codecs.

What is the RIFF File Container?

RIFF file container is a generic file container format for storing data in tagged chunks. RIFF was introduced in 1991 by Microsoft and IBM as a primary format for Windows 3.1 multimedia files.

A RIFF file contains data that is divided into chunks, each with a size field specifying the data length and a four-byte identifier that specifies the type of data contained(examples are ‘fmt’ and ‘data,’ which stands for format information and data, respectively).

The structure of a RIFF file is designed to be flexible and extendable, allowing it to hold various types of data. The tagged chunk structure of RIFF files makes it easy for software to parse and understand its contents, even if the software doesn’t recognize some chunks.

This means a program can still read the parts of the file it understands while ignoring unknown data, ensuring compatibility across different software and systems. Common implementations of the RIFF file container are in AVI and WAV file formats.

What Codecs are used with AVI?

AVI supports a wide range of compression for audio and video data. Most commonly, AVI files use DivX and Xvid, two codecs that allow high-quality compression for video compression and MP3 and AC3 for audio. These codecs contribute to the high quality of video and audio data in AVI files and are consequently responsible for the peculiar large file sizes.

Why are AVI Video Files so Big?

AVI video files have large sizes due to the compression codecs employed by the file format. Because AVI was initially designed to preserve the quality of video and audio data, the files are stored in a less-compressed state and use codecs that prioritize quality over file size, resulting in the high-quality video and audio data that AVI files are known for. AVI video files are preferred by users who intend to use them for editing and professional use, where quality can not be compromised.

What is AVI Raw?

AVI Raw refers to AVI video files that have gone through minimal or no compression. Contrary to regular AVI files that use various codecs to compress video and audio data, AVI Raw represents the video and audio data in its unaltered form, thereby preserving the highest quality of the data. This format is commonly employed in professional editing, where the highest amount of detail and quality is required to undergo extensive editing processes. The consequence is typically extremely large file sizes.

How are AVI Files Used?

AVI files have extensive uses across various software, platforms, and devices due to their compatibility with various codecs.

AVI files are commonly used and preferred in video editing and production, where the highest possible quality of video and audio data is required. Thanks to their editing capabilities and high-quality output, software like Final Cut Pro, Adobe Premiere Pro, and VirtualDub use AVI files for editing.

AVI files are also used for media playback on players like VLC Media Player, Windows Media Player, and Media Player Classic.

Another use of AVI files is for archiving or storing video files. Due to their high quality and less efficient compression, AVI files are used in video storage and content preservation to maintain the utmost data quality.

Additionally, AVI files find their application in creating video content for digital signage, presentations, and educational materials, where compatibility and quality are key considerations.

How to Compress AVI Files

AVI file compression can be achieved through various methods – natively using specific codecs and external software solutions. AVI files can be natively compressed using common codecs such as DivX, XviD (for video), and MP3 or AC3 (for audio). These codecs apply compression algorithms (such as Interframe compression, motion correction, and quantization) that eliminate redundant or non-essential data while preserving quality using temporal and spatial redundancy.

The compression can be either lossy, where some data is permanently removed, leading to a decrease in quality, or lossless, where the original data can be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data. Most commonly used codecs for AVI compression, like DivX and XviD, are lossy, aiming to balance file size reduction with quality retention.

Some AVI files are left uncompressed to maintain the initial quality of the data. These AVI files are called AVI raw.

AVI Raw refers to AVI files that are stored without any compression. This format maintains the highest possible quality of audio and video data but results in large file sizes, making it less practical for everyday use and sharing. Raw AVI is primarily used in professional video editing and production settings where preserving original quality is crucial.

Several software solutions can be employed to compress AVI files. Tools like HandBrake, Adobe Media Encoder, and VirtualDub offer user-friendly interfaces to compress and convert AVI files into more manageable sizes.

These programs allow users to choose between different codecs and compression settings, providing a balance between quality and file size based on the user’s needs. HandBrake, for example, is well-regarded for its ability to convert videos to various formats, offering both lossy and lossless compression options. VirtualDub is favored for AVI video processing, enabling users to apply different compression codecs easily.

How to Edit AVI Files

Editing AVI files can be achieved through video editing software, many of which offer robust support for AVI video files due to its compatibility with various codecs. Some of the most commonly used software for video editing are:

  1. Adobe Premiere Pro: A professional-grade video editing software that provides comprehensive tools and features for editing AVI files, including cutting, merging, color correction, and effects application. Premiere Pro supports many codecs, making it versatile for editing AVI files encoded with different codecs.
  1. VirtualDub: A free, open-source video editing software specifically designed for quick linear operations over video. It is particularly well-suited for processing AVI files, offering functionalities like trimming, compression, and video capture. Although not as feature-rich as other professional tools, VirtualDub is highly efficient for basic editing tasks.
  2. Windows Movie Maker: For users running older versions of Windows, Windows Movie Maker offers a more straightforward, user-friendly approach to editing AVI files. It provides basic editing features such as trimming, splitting, and adding transitions and effects, making it suitable for beginners or quick editing tasks.
  3. Final Cut Pro: Apple’s professional video editing software that supports AVI files through QuickTime or using additional codecs. Final Cut Pro offers a wide range of editing tools, from basic to advanced, including color grading, effects, and audio editing, suitable for professional video production.
  4. Avid Media Composer: Another professional video editing software that supports AVI files. Avid Media Composer is known for its powerful editing features, media management, and finishing capabilities, making it a staple in film and television production.

These platforms offer unique features and functionalities for video editing, ranging from basic cropping and trimming to VFX manipulation. In choosing a video editing software, it is important to consider your level of proficiency, the features required for the edit, and the complexities of the file to be edited.

Microsoft was the pioneer of the AVI Video. The AVI video format was created in November 1992 as part of its Video for Windows technology. The development of AVI was driven by the need for a standard video format that could be used on Windows operating systems, facilitating the playback and editing of video and audio files on personal computers.

It was also a response to the growing importance of multimedia content on PCs and the emerging demand for digital video and audio in software applications, games, and educational content.

Microsoft’s primary goal with AVI was to offer a robust and flexible container format that could synchronize audio with video playback, a crucial feature for multimedia applications. Its design was built to support multiple streaming audio and video, although, in practice, it is most commonly used for a single video stream alongside one audio stream.

The format’s structure, based on the RIFF (Resource Interchange File Format) framework, made it versatile and extendable, allowing various codecs to compress and decompress video and audio data efficiently.

The introduction of AVI catalyzed the development of numerous video editing and playback software, providing a standard developers could target for compatibility.

Software like Adobe Premiere Pro, VirtualDub, and various media players were developed or updated to support AVI files, enabling users to create, edit, and watch AVI videos on their computers.

This, in turn, led to the proliferation of digital video content, contributing to the rise of video editing as a hobby and profession and the expansion of digital multimedia content.

AVI’s impact on the sector has been significant, laying the groundwork for future video formats and multimedia technologies. Although newer formats like MP4 and MKV have become more popular due to their advanced compression techniques and streaming capabilities, AVI remains a widely used format for storing and editing high-quality video. Its simplicity, compatibility with a wide range of codecs, and direct support by Windows have ensured its longevity and continued relevance in the multimedia landscape.

Has AVI Become Obsolete?

AVI’s legacy as a foundational digital video format endures despite the advent of more advanced video formats. Its creation was pivotal to transforming digital multimedia into the rich, immersive experiences we consider standard today.

The format’s impact extends beyond its technical specifications, influencing the development of video technology and content creation practices. As more advancements are uncovered in digital multimedia technologies, AVI serves as a reminder of the importance of compatibility, flexibility, and quality in video format design.

The history of AVI does not only speak about the timeline of a file format; it’s about the broader evolution of digital multimedia and its integration into daily computing. AVI helped pave the way for the multimedia-rich digital environment we enjoy today by providing a high-quality video and audio playback and editing platform.

AVI Compared to Other Video Formats

When comparing the AVI video format to other video formats, it is important to take note of the advantages, disadvantages, and features of the AVI video format.

Pros of AVI Files

  1. High Quality: AVI files can hold high-quality video and audio data. This is especially beneficial in professional settings where the integrity of the video content must be preserved.
  1. Compatibility: As one of the oldest video formats, AVI is widely supported by various multimedia playback and editing software, including Adobe Premiere Pro, VLC Media Player, and Windows Media Player.
  2. Flexibility: AVI’s structure allows it to contain audio and video data in a file, making it versatile for multimedia projects.
  3. No Licensing or Royalty Fees: AVI is free to use, unlike other formats that require licensing fees.

Cons of AVI Files

  1. Large File Sizes: Due to minimal compression, AVI files can be significantly larger than files in other formats, which can be a drawback for storage and sharing.
  1. Compatibility Issues with Modern Codecs: While AVI itself is compatible with many devices and platforms, the specific codecs used for compression within the AVI container might only be sometimes supported.
  2. Less Efficient Compression: Compared to newer formats, AVI’s compression technology is outdated, leading to larger files for the same video quality.
  3. Limited Advanced Features: AVI lacks support for modern features like subtitles, menus, and multiple audio tracks, which are available in newer formats.

Best Application of AVI Files

AVI files are best suited for editing and archiving high-quality video. Their quality retention makes them ideal for professional video editing environments where footage needs to be exported without losing fidelity.

They are also suitable for short video clips where file size is not a major concern or for applications where playback compatibility on Windows-based systems is a priority.

Competing Formats

  1. MP4: Perhaps the most direct competitor to AVI, MP4 offers significantly better compression, resulting in smaller file sizes for comparable video quality. MP4 supports a wide range of video and audio codecs, including H.264, which is widely adopted for online streaming.
  1. Its compatibility with streaming protocols and support for advanced features like subtitles and 3D graphics make MP4 better suited for web-based applications, mobile devices, and streaming platforms.
  2. MKV (Matroska Video): MKV is an open standard format that supports many codecs and offers features similar to MP4, such as support for multiple audio tracks, subtitles, and high-definition video. It is preferred for storing movies and TV shows, especially when multiple audio tracks and subtitles are required.”
  3. MOV: Developed by Apple, MOV files are the foundation of MP4 and share much of its structure. MOV is often used in professional video editing and production, particularly with Apple’s software and devices. Its support for Apple’s ProRes codec makes it a preferred format for high-quality video editing and production on macOS.
  4. FLV (Flash Video): Although its usage has declined with the phasing out of Adobe Flash, FLV was once dominant for streaming video on the web due to its small file sizes and fast loading times.

AVI vs. MP4

AVI and MP4 are the most commonly used video file formats. They have similarities and differences in features that could give an intending user a hard time picking. Below is a head-to-head comparison of both file formats concerning different features:

Quality

In terms of quality, both AVI and MP4 can deliver high-quality video and audio data. AVI is a preferred choice in professional settings or scenarios where preserving the original quality of the footage is paramount, such as video editing and archival storage.

While MP4 also supports high-quality video, it uses more efficient compression codecs like H.264 or H.265 (HEVC), which allow it to maintain good quality with significantly smaller file sizes.

The balance between compression and quality makes MP4 versatile for high-definition video content and streaming purposes.

File Size

The major downside of AVI is its large file size. AVI files can take up considerable storage space because they often contain minimally compressed video and audio data. This can be a limitation for sharing over the internet or storing on devices with limited capacity.

Meanwhile, MP4 files are generally smaller than AVI files, thanks to efficient compression algorithms. This smaller size makes MP4 more suitable for online sharing, streaming, and storage on devices with limited space.

MP4 and AVI file formats have different use cases and are individually preferred according to the purpose.

AVI is often used in video editing and archival purposes where fidelity to the original is crucial because of its high-quality data. Regarding compatibility, AVI can be limited by the specific codecs used for compression, which might not be universally supported across all devices and platforms. However, various editing software and media platforms, including Windows, still widely support the file format.

MP4, due to its compact file size and advanced compression support, is most widely used for online streaming and video sharing and on social media platforms. MP4 files are compatible with various devices, platforms, and operating systems, from smartphones and tablets to gaming consoles and smart TVs.

MP4 showcases versatility through its capability to store metadata, subtitles, still images, and interactive content, making the video files well-suited for a wide range of multimedia applications.

Choosing between AVI and MP4 depends on the user’s specific needs. If the priority is maintaining the highest possible quality without concern for file size, AVI is the better choice, particularly for professional video editing and archival purposes. However, for a balance between quality and file size, with a focus on compatibility and streaming, MP4 is the superior option.

How to Convert AVI to MP4

Converting AVI files to MP4 requires software designed to execute tasks like that. While many software require a subscription, some can be used for conversion tasks free of charge, either by downloading the app or using the website.

Free Software/Websites for converting AVI to MP4

  • Handbrake
  • Cloudconvert.com
  • Movavi converter
  • FFmpeg

Paid Software for converting AVI to MP4

  • Adobe Express
  • Adobe Media Encoder(part of the Adobe Creative Cloud suite)
  • Wondershare UniConverter
  • Movavi Video Converter(paid version)
Instructions on how to convert AVI to MP4 using Software

The steps involved in converting AVI to MP4 are the same regardless of which software a user employs. The process commonly is:

  • Install and Open the Software: Download and install your chosen video converter.
  • Import the AVI File: Open the software and import the AVI file you wish to convert.
  • Choose MP4 as the Output Format: Select MP4 as the target format from the list of output formats.
  • Customize Settings: Adjust any desired settings, such as resolution, bitrate, and quality, if required.
  • Start the Conversion: Initiate the conversion process and wait for the software to convert your file from AVI to MP4.
  • Save or Export the MP4 File: Once the conversion is complete, save the MP4 file to your preferred location.

Using an online converter, log on to the website, upload the file you want to convert, choose the new format you want to convert it to, and start the conversion process after adjusting settings to taste. Wait for it to conclude and download your newly converted file.

How to Convert MP4 to AVI

Converting MP4 to AVI is similar to the one used to convert AVI to MP4. It can be done using free or paid software or a website dedicated to processing such requests. Below are some software and websites that can be used to convert MP4 to AVI:

Free Software & Websites for converting AVI to MP4

  • Handbrake
  • Cloudconvert.com
  • Movavi converter
  • FFmpeg
  • Zamzar.com

Paid Software for converting AVI to MP4

  • Adobe Express
  • Adobe Media Encoder(part of the Adobe Creative Cloud suite)
  • Wondershare UniConverter
  • Movavi Video Converter(paid version)

AVI vs MOV

MOV, like AVI, is a video file format used for media playback and, more commonly, for storing movies. Compared with AVI, there are more similarities than differences, and both should be considered before making a choice.

Quality

AVI is known for storing high-quality data because it uses less compression than most video file formats. Its compatibility with codecs like Xvid and DivX helps to maintain the quality of video data.

Due to this detail retainment, AVI files are frequently used in video editing and professional cases. MOV, developed by Apple for media playback on Apple devices, can also retain high-quality video data. Apple ProRes and H264 codecs facilitate the quality of the data.  

File Size

AVI files are usually large due to less efficient compression techniques that help maintain high-quality video data. This large size limits the use cases of AVI video files as they are ideal for internet sharing or streaming over limited bandwidth connections.

MOV video files are also large because of the high-quality codecs employed for compression. However, the MOV file format exhibits more flexibility than AVI by allowing users to use a variety of codecs to balance quality and size more effectively.

The use cases of MOV and AVI files vary concerning their properties and the company that created them.

AVI is more suited for playback on Windows devices and platforms and for storing media content, such as movies. AVI files are also commonly used in video editing and archiving, where the preservation of video quality is the priority.

MOV files are primarily associated with Apple devices and optimized for media playback on several Apple platforms. MOV is preferred for editing on Apple systems and is widely used in professional video production and editing, especially with Final Cut Pro. MOV is also suitable for creating videos for distribution in Apple’s ecosystem, such as iTunes.

AVI might be the more suitable choice for Windows users or those who need a widely compatible format across various non-Apple devices and software. On the other hand, MOV is potentially the better option for those deeply integrated into the Apple ecosystem or who require the advanced video editing features offered by software like Final Cut Pro. Both formats can provide high-quality video, but considerations around file size, compatibility, and the specific use case will guide the best choice for each project.

How to Convert AVI to MOV

A user would want to convert AVI video files to MOV for many reasons, one of them being to enhance compatibility with Apple devices or software such as Quicktime Player. The conversion can be achieved by using specific software or online converters.Software for converting AVI to MOV

  • VLC Media Player (Free)
  • Handbrake (Free)
  • Adobe Media Encoder (a part of Adobe Creative Cloud) (Paid)
  • Wondershare Uniconverter (Paid)

Websites for converting AVI to MOV

  • Zamzar.com
  • Cloudconvert.com

While converting using any of the methods above, ensuring that the right settings are selected is important to preserve video quality.

How to Convert MOV to AVI

Converting MOV to AVI can be executed using free or paid software or online converters. The difference in the conversion media is minimal, mainly access to a couple more features.

Software for converting AVI to MOV

  • VLC Media Player (Free)
  • Handbrake (Free)
  • Adobe Media Encoder (a part of Adobe Creative Cloud) (Paid)
  • Wondershare Uniconverter (Paid)

Websites for converting AVI to MOV

  • Zamzar.com
  • Cloudconvert.com

Instructions on converting MOV to AVI or AVI to MOV using Software or Online Converter

  • Download and install on your device.
  • If it is a paid converter, register and pay for the subscription.
  • Import the file you want to convert (MOV/AVI).
  • Select and adjust settings(bitrate, resolution, quality, etc.) as desired.
  • Click on ‘Convert’ and wait for the task to be executed.
  •  When the conversion is complete, export the file in the new format(AVI/MOV).

Using an online converter,

  • Log on to the website
  • Upload the file you want to convert
  • Choose the new format you want to convert it to
  • Start the conversion process after adjusting settings to taste.
  • Wait for it to conclude and download your newly converted file.

AVI vs MKV

AVI and MKV are commonly used video file formats with unique features and use. Knowing their differences will help users select the most appropriate one for a project.

Quality

AVI supports high-quality video and audio data of various levels depending on the type of codecs used. It can contain both uncompressed and compressed video.

MKV also supports high-definition video up to 4K and beyond. MKV is a container that can incorporate a wide range of video, audio, and subtitle codecs without compromising quality, making it a preferred choice for HD content.

File Size

AVI file sizes can be large, especially when the video is stored in an uncompressed format. Compression codecs like DivX and XviD can help reduce the file size while retaining quality.

While MKV files can also be large, especially with HD content, the format supports more efficient codecs like H.264 and H.265 (HEVC), which offer better compression ratios without significant quality loss. This makes MKV files more manageable in size while retaining high video quality.

Compatibility

AVI has broad compatibility with media players and devices because it was created for enhanced media playback. Most standard media players on various operating systems can play AVI files without issues. However, compatibility might be limited for AVI files using less common codecs.

MKV files are not as compatible as AVI files, even though most media players and smart TVs support MKV playback. Older devices and media players may still have trouble with MKV files, especially those encoded with the latest video codecs.

Use Cases

AVI is most commonly used for storing and playing media such as movies and TV shows on various platforms. It is also used for professional purposes, such as editing and archiving.

MKV is preferred for high-definition videos because it supports multiple audio tracks, subtitles, chapter points, and metadata within the same file. MKV also stores Blu-ray and DVD rips, fan subbing, and delivers immersive viewing experiences.

In conclusion, AVI will be the better choice for less complex video files compatible with older devices and software, while MKV is a more suitable option for high-definition video, multiple audio tracks, and subtitles.

How to Convert AVI to MKV

Converting AVI to MKV can be done using free or paid software or online converters. The process is simple and easy to execute.

Software to convert AVI to MKV

  • VLC Media Player (Free)
  • Handbrake (Free)
  • Adobe Media Encoder (a part of Adobe Creative Cloud) (Paid)
  • Wondershare Uniconverter (Paid)
  • Movavi Converter (Paid)

Websites for converting AVI to MKV

  • Zamzar.com
  • Cloudconvert.com

Steps to convert AVI to MKV using Software or Websites

For software;

  • Download and install the software on your device.
  • Register and pay for the subscription(if it is not a free service)
  • Import the file you want to convert (AVI/MKV).
  • Select and adjust the settings(bitrate, resolution, quality, etc.) as required by your project.
  • Initiate the conversion.
  • When completed, export the file in the new format(MKV/AVI).

How to Convert MKV to AVI

For free/paid software;

  • Download and install the device on your device.
  • For paid software, register and make payments to use the service.
  • Import the file you want to convert.
  • Adjust video settings(bitrate, resolution, quality, etc.) to fit your new requirements.
  • Start the conversion and allow the process to be completed.
  • When the conversion is complete, export the file in the new format.

Using an online converter:

  • Log on to the website.
  • Upload the file you want to convert.
  • Choose the new format you want to convert it to.
  • Start the conversion process after adjusting settings to taste.
  • Wait for it to conclude and download your newly converted file.
Software to convert AVI to MKV
  • VLC Media Player (Free)
  • Handbrake (Free)
  • Adobe Media Encoder (a part of Adobe Creative Cloud) (Paid)
  • Wondershare Uniconverter (Paid)
  • Movavi Converter (Paid)
Websites for converting AVI to MKV
  • Zamzar.com
  • Cloudconvert.com

AVI vs MPEG

The comparison between AVI and MPEG formats involves looking at their quality, usage, and file size across various multimedia applications. These formats have distinct characteristics that make them suitable for different purposes.

Quality

AVI can support high-quality video and audio, but the quality depends heavily on the codecs used within the AVI container. AVI files can encapsulate compressed and uncompressed data, allowing flexibility in balancing quality and file size.

MPEG standards, including MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4 (Part 2), and H.264/MPEG-4 AVC (Part 10), are known for efficient compression methods that deliver high-quality video at significantly reduced file sizes. MPEG-4, in particular, is renowned for providing excellent quality at lower bit rates, making it suitable for HD video.

File Size

AVI file sizes can be quite large, especially for high-quality or uncompressed videos, which makes AVI files less ideal for streaming or downloading over limited bandwidth connections.

MPEG files are usually smaller than AVI files but still contain high-quality videos because of their efficient compression algorithms.

Compatibility

AVI files are compatible with many devices due to their versatility in using different codecs. However, playback may be limited on certain platforms and systems that don’t support the codecs that encode the video and audio data.

MPEG formats are extensively supported and are the standard for digital television, DVD videos, and, more recently, for streaming media and Blu-ray discs. MPEG-4, in particular, is widely used for video streaming over the Internet due to its broad compatibility and efficient compression.

Use Cases

AVI files are used mainly for storing media playback video editing and archiving high-quality video data.

MPEG standards are suitable for various applications, from digital TV broadcasting and DVD storage to internet streaming and HD video playback.

Conclusively, MPEG formats are more suitable for efficient compression to reduce file sizes for streaming or distribution while maintaining good quality and creating content for digital TV, DVDs, or online platforms. On the other hand, AVI is a better choice for preserving the original quality of video and audio content and video editing tasks.

How to Convert AVI to MPEG

AVI files can be converted to MPEG using software dedicated to executing conversion tasks(which may be free or require payment) or websites.

Software to convert AVI to MPEG
  • VLC Media Player (Free)
  • Handbrake (Free)
  • Adobe Media Encoder (a part of Adobe Creative Cloud) (Paid)
  • Wondershare Uniconverter (Paid)
  • Movavi Converter (Paid)
Websites for converting AVI to MPEG
  • Zamzar.com
  • Cloudconvert.com

How to Convert MPEG to AVI

The process of converting MPEG to AVI is similar to that of AVI to MPEG. It involves using either free or paid software or an online converter.

For software,

  • Download and install on your device. If it is a paid converter, register and pay for the subscription.
  • Import the file you want to convert (AVI/MPEG).
  • Select and adjust settings(bitrate, resolution, quality, etc.) as desired.
  • Start the conversion and wait for the process to be completed.
  • When the conversion is complete, export the file in the new format(MPEG/AVI).

Using an online converter,

  • Log on to the website, upload the file you want to convert,
  • Choose the new format you want to convert your uploaded file to
  • Start the conversion process after adjusting settings to your taste.
  • Wait for the conversion to be completed, after which you can download the newly converted file.
Software to convert MPEG to AVI
  • VLC Media Player (Free)
  • Handbrake (Free)
  • Adobe Media Encoder (a part of Adobe Creative Cloud) (Paid)
  • Wondershare Uniconverter (Paid)
  • Movavi Converter (Paid)
Websites for converting MPEG to AVI
  • Zamzar.com
  • Cloudconvert.com

AVI vs WMV

A comparison between AVI and WMV can be established through a side-by-side analysis of their features, compatibility, preferred usage scenarios, and video quality. Both formats have unique characteristics that cater to different requirements.

Quality

AVI files are renowned for containing high-quality video and audio due to the less compressed codecs employed. WMV files, however, have lower quality than AVI because they use more advanced and efficient compression techniques.

File Size

As a result of the difference in the data quality, WMV files are significantly smaller than AVI files, making them a more suitable choice for online sharing and limited bandwidth streaming.

Compatibility

AVI is a container format that contains video and audio data encoded with various codecs. It’s widely supported across operating systems and media players, making it highly compatible with general use. However, the specific codecs used within an AVI file can affect its compatibility with certain players and devices.

WMV is designed primarily for streaming applications and Internet content. While natively supported on Windows systems and by Windows-based applications, its compatibility with non-Windows platforms can be limited unless appropriate codecs are installed.

Use Cases

Due to its high quality and compatibility, AVI is often used for storing and archiving video content, especially in environments where editing and post-production work is required. Its ability to contain uncompressed video makes it a preferred choice for professional video editing and creating master copies.

WMV is commonly used for web videos, HD online content, and digital rights management (DRM) protected streams. Its compression efficiency makes it suitable for applications where file size and bandwidth are critical considerations.

WMV’s strength lies in its streaming capabilities and smaller file sizes, making it ideal for online video content. In contrast, AVI’s versatility and quality retention make it a reliable video production and archival storage format. Choosing between the two formats will depend on the intended use, desired quality, and distribution method of your video content.

How to Convert AVI to WMV

Like every other video file format conversion, AVI to WMV conversion can be done using free or paid software or online converters.

Software to convert AVI to WMV
  • VLC Media Player (Free)
  • Handbrake (Free)
  • Adobe Media Encoder (a part of Adobe Creative Cloud) (Paid)
  • Wondershare Uniconverter (Paid)
  • Movavi Converter (Paid)
Websites for converting AVI to WMV
  • Zamzar.com
  • Cloudconvert.com

To convert AVI to WMV using free or paid software,

  • Download and install the software (subscribe if required),
  • Navigate to the conversion section, upload the AVI file you want to convert,
  • Adjust the settings as desired, and start the conversion process.
  • Export the WMV file to a destination on your device.

Using an online converter,

  • Log on to the website, upload the AVI file you want to convert,
  • Choose WMV as the format to which you want to convert it and start the conversion process after adjusting the settings.
  • Wait for it to conclude and download your newly converted file.

How to Convert WMV to AVI

Converting WMV files to AVI can be done using the same software and websites used to convert AVI files to WMV.

For software, download and install on your device. If it is a paid converter, register and pay for the subscription. Import the WMV file you want to convert. Select and adjust settings(bitrate, resolution, quality, etc.) as desired. Start the conversion and wait for the process to be completed. When the conversion is complete, export the file in the new AVI format.

Using an online converter, log on to the website, upload the WMV file you want to convert, choose AVI as the format you want to convert it to, and start the conversion process after adjusting settings to taste. Wait for it to conclude and download your newly converted file.

 Software to convert WMV to AVI
  • VLC Media Player (Free)
  • Handbrake (Free)
  • Adobe Media Encoder (a part of Adobe Creative Cloud) (Paid)
  • Wondershare Uniconverter (Paid)
  • Movavi Converter (Paid)
Websites for converting WMV to AVI
  • Zamzar.com
  • Cloudconvert.com
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